Name of the experiment:
Comprehensive investigation into the development of
animal reproductive cells (gametes) and other body cells under zero gravity
of the experiment:
To monitor the development of embryos, stem cells and
body cells under zero gravity conditions.
A comprehensive study of gamete development under zero
gravity conditions may supply valuable information about embryonic development
on earth, where the liquid environment of the developing fetus in the womb
creates a micro gravitational force. The development of these embryonic,
stem and somatic (body) cells is, however, retarded when these cells are grown
under the earths gravitational force in an incubator. Comparing the
growth of these cell types under zero gravity conditions during the space
mission with cells grown in an incubator on earth, as well as comparing these
cells with naturally grown cells in live experimental animals on earth, will
give us the answers to the effect of gravity on gamete development.
The experiment will consist of three parts:
In vitro (in
a portable incubator) culture of mammalian (mice and sheep) embryos, comparing
them with embryos cultured under similar conditions on earth in an incubator (in
vitro) and in experimental animals.
stem (undifferentiated) cells in vitro in the portable incubator in space
comparing them to stem cells grown in vitro on earth, as well as in experimental
somatic (body) cells in vitro in the portable incubator in space comparing them
to stem cells grown in vitro on earth, as well as in experimental animals.